The Chesapeake Bay is a home to different fauna which lives in the bay or migrates to the bay at a certain period of time during the year. Different fish species depend on this bay for existence. In addition, various types of bird species such as Osprey and Bald Eagle live in this pay. In the past few years farming in the upper region have had a negative impact on the existence of these species with some of the bird species becoming almost extinct. Runoffs and pollution have brought many components to the bay an aspect that has contributed to algae blooms. These algae feed on phosphorus and nitrogen and also prevent sunlight from getting to the bottom part of the bay (Rice 2005).

In order to restore the lost glory of bay, government and non-governmental organizations have collaborated but little has been achieved as their main aim is to restore the bay without addressing the source of the problem. In order to be able to conserve the natural resources in this bay, one of the practices that will play a great role in improving the bay is prohibiting the use of harmful organic fertilizers and pesticides by the farmers on the upper hand (Rice 2005).

One of the measures to achieve this is through encouraging farmers to shift to organic farming. In addition, strict regulations are supposed to be put in place in order to prevent industries from directing their waste materials into the rivers which end up in the bay. Chemicals from farms and industries have been cited to contain heavy metals such as lead and other harmful chemicals. To be specific, some nitrogenous fertilizers used in the farm leads to increased nitrogen levels in the bay during runoff an aspect that leads to a proliferation of harmful plants which prevent sunlight from reaching the base of the bay. This leads to the death of aquatic organisms. In addition, when fish feed on heavy metals and they are fed by birds, birds are likely to die an aspect that has led to reduced numbers of birds in the bay. As a result, the intervention will lead to improved levels of the bay without using huge sums of money to reclaim it (Rice 2005).

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